Yoga is one of the most prized gift to us from ancient India. Literally, Yoga comes from the Latin word 'Yuj' meaning 'to unite'. It is not just about physical postures, but it is more importantly a spiritual art which links one's personal consciousness with the universal consciousness. It is certain that we are always preoccupied with perceiving the outside world without giving time to inner self. This ancient art gives you the secrets of finding inner peace and transcendence through the techniques of exercise, breathing and meditation which are constantly evolving and innovating. Yoga that we see today in modern world is an integrated version of ancient Yogic concepts with modern medical and psychological techniques.
Ayurveda is a Sanskrit word composed of two words 'Ayur' and 'Veda'. The former means life and the latter knowledge or science, together, it means the science of life. It is an ancient medical science which deals with body, mind and soul. This science does not only help in treating illness, it helps ensure for leading a long illness-free, healthy and happy life. Using natural plants as the source of making its medicines, it has become very reliable and popular among modern schools of medical science around the globe. With this, the enthusiasm of inquisitiveness has aroused among them to know more about Ayurvedic knowledge.
Ayurveda treatments can be best described as the treatment of man as a whole. Ayurvedic medicines are mainly made from natural plants and its side-effects are almost none. Its treatment is based on the principles that enlightenment could only be achieved by those with good mental and physical health. Ayurveda uses different forms of treatments for various types of problems.
Some of the prime treatments of Ayurveda are:
Pizhichil: In this kind of treatment, warmish herbal oil is applied throughout the body by two to four trained therapist in some special rhythmic way for about 60-90 minutes a day for 7-21 days. This treatment is for pain, dislocation and tensions in joints and limbs. It is also for those person with paralysis and pregnant women with the problem of absence of effective uterine contractions during labor. The treatment lasts from 14 to 28 days. Some people took this treatment for maintaining physical fitness against early aging. Hardening of body tissue can also be preceded by this treatment.
Njavarakizhi: In this case, some medicinal puddings, in the form of boluses tied up in muslin bag, are externally applied to the body and made the body perspire. This type of treatment is mostly practiced in Kerala. It is primarily for all types of diseases of nervous system, joints pain, chronic rheumatism, diseases caused by defects in blood. It helps in building strong and solid body with good muscle system.
Dhara: Here, certain herbal oils, medicated milk or butter milk are poured on the forehead for about 45 minutes a day for 7-21 days. There are other sub categories for this treatment such as, Thakradhara, Sthanyadhara and Tailadhara. Thakradhara is for treating against premature graying of hair, headache, fatigue, diabetes, dislocated joints, fatigue, tiredness, eye diseases, ear, throat and nose illnesses. Sthanyadhara is for treating extremely high fever especially among children and Tailadhara for sinuses, paralysis and headache.
Vasthi: Herbal oils or herbal extracts are applied through the rectum daily for 5-25 days. This treatment is mean for paralysis, hemiplegia, arthritis, numbness, gastric, frequent constipation and Rheumatism.
Sirovasthi: In this process, specific lukewarm herbal oils are poured into the cap fitted on the head and kept it for about 15-60 minutes per day according to the condition of the patients. This treatment is for loss of tactile sensation, facial paralysis, dryness of mouth, throat and nostrils, chronic headache and other vatha related diseases.
Udvarthanam: In this treatment, the body is massed with certain herbal powder for about 30 minutes for 14-28 days. This treatment is for diseases like hemiplegia, paralysis, typical rheumatism and obesity.
Abhyangam: Special kind of oil is used to massage the body in which strokes are given according to the condition of the patients for 45 minutes for 14 days. This treatment is for Obesity, Diabetic Gangrene, etc.
Nasyam: Herbal juices and medicinal oils are applied through nose for about 30 minutes for 7 to 14 days. This treatment is usually for treating headaches, mental disorders, paralysis and other skin diseases.
Snehapanam: Medicated ghee is given internally in a proportionate increasing quantity for 8-12 days. This is useful for treating Osteo Arthritis, Leukemia, etc.
Kizhi: The body is applied with herbal leaves and powder in boluses with hot medicinal oils for 45 minutes per day for 7-14 days. This treatment is for Osteo Arthritis, swellings, sports injury, etc.
Kativasthi: In this treatment, Special lukewarm oil is placed over the lower back with herbal paste limitary for 45-60 minutes. It is useful for all kinds of back pains or spinal disorders.
Urovasthi: Special kind of warm oil is placed over the chest for about 45 minutes. This is useful for treating asthma, heart diseases, chest pain and other respiratory problems.
Ksheeradhoomam: In this course, medicated cow milk is applied to the body or particular part of the body. It is good for facial paralysis, speech disorders, Bell's palsy and other facial nervous disorders.
Thalam: In this process, medicated oil is mixed with special powder and applied on the top of the head for about 20-45 minutes. This treatment is good for insomnia, migraine, ear, nose and throat related problems.